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Adjective Agreement Notes

By Zach Arnold | January 22, 2022

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Noun/adjective correspondence – A useful document on noun-adjective correspondence in Spanish You may have noticed that if we use Ser or Estar with an adjective, if the adjective has a feminine and masculine form, the adjective must correspond to the subject that modifies it. This also applies to the number of people or things that make up the subject. Some adjectives are used for both sexes despite their ending, especially those ending in -E or consonants, for example: “an interesting libro”, “a fácil examination”, “a chico optimista/una chica optimista”. Remember – the NOUN is the boss – adjectives always correspond to the noun in gender and number. In Spanish, we describe nouns with adjectives that correspond in relation to gender (is the masculine or feminine noun) and number (is the singular or plural noun). As mentioned earlier, Spanish adjectives usually have a singular form and a plural form. The rules are exactly the same as those used to form the plural of nouns. To illustrate this, for a sentence like “She is a pretty model”, we would say “Ella es una modelo hermosa”, but for several models we have to say “Ellas son modelos hermosas”. Note that all words, including the subject pronoun and the verb SER, change so that there is a Spanish noun-adjective correspondence and the sentence makes sense. On the other hand, when describing feminine nouns like CASA (house), we should use a feminine adjective like BONITA (pretty) or ESPACIOSA (spacious) and not a masculine adjective like BONITO or ESPACIOSO.

That being said, Spanish feminine adjectives are the same words with a slight change at the end from -O to -A, e.B. “Bueno” to “Buena”. If you search for an adjective in a dictionary, you will find the singular masculine form of an adjective as a given standard form. A good dictionary gives several examples of how it is used and can contain sentences with the feminine or plural form. The word “immutable” (inv.) means that the adjective has only one form (see los colores for examples). Congratulations – You have completed the grammar quiz: Spanish adjectives Gender agreement. It is possible to make some masculine adjectives feminine by adding -A at the end when the words end with a consonant, but not in all cases, e.B. “Trabajador/Trabajadora” (right) and “Popular/Populara” (false). Most nationalities also change gender, including some that end with consonants such as “español->española”. In the previous lesson, we explained the rules for placing adjectives and talked about some situations where they are used before or after nouns.

In this lesson, we will learn about another important feature called “concordancia del adjetivo y el sustantivo”, namely the Spanish noun-adjective agreement. Don`t worry, it will be easier than it seems, although you will understand everything much faster if you already know the basics of the nominal gender and plural form of nouns. Some examples of common Spanish masculine adjectives are: Afortunado (happy), Alto (large), Bajo (short), Bueno (good), Estupendo (large), Famoso (famous), Malo (bad) and Pequeño (small) singular feminine noun singular feminine adjective singular. In general, adjectives in Spanish follow this pattern. Note: There are adjectives (inteligente, trabajador, etc.) that do not follow this pattern: some Spanish adjectives used to describe male and female nouns are: Amable (type), Difícil (difficult), Fácil (simple), Flexible, Paciente (patient), Verde (green). In addition, most numbers, with the exception of number one, that change to UN when used before a masculine noun, and to UNA before a feminine noun, e.B. “Un amigo” and “Una amiga” Fourth, CHANGE the end of each adjective to match the noun in both gender (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural). Most adjectives must match the gender with the noun they change. When we describe a masculine noun as “Amigo”, we must also use a masculine adjective as “Honesto”. Just like nouns, Spanish masculine adjectives usually end with the -O vowel like “Bonito” and “Creativo”, e.B. “El niño es bonito y gordo”.

In addition, some words ending in -R are also considered masculine adjectives. We will start this lesson with a video that explains the basic rules for using Spanish adjectives. The person in the video only speaks Spanish, but you can also enable the subtitles (cc) below to translate into English or check the script. This video contains some examples and notes that will be very useful to learn more about how Spanish adjectives work in the language. *PLEASE NOTE: Nationalities are the exception to the “ending in a consonant” rule. Adjectives in Spanish correspond to the noun in both gender and number. . First, find the name in the sentence. Underline it.. .

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