Friend of our site


MMA Headlines


UFC HP


Bleacher Report


MMA Fighting


MMA Torch


MMA Weekly


Sherdog (News)


Sherdog (Articles)


Liver Kick


MMA Mania


Bloody Elbow


MMA Ratings


Rating Fights


Yahoo MMA Blog


Search this site



Latest Articles


News Corner


MMA Rising


Audio Corner


Oddscast


Sherdog Radio


Eddie Goldman


Video Corner


Fight Hub


Special thanks to...

Link Rolodex

Site Index


To access our list of posting topics and archives, click here.

Friend of our site


Buy and sell MMA photos at MMA Prints

Site feedback


Fox Sports: "Zach Arnold's Fight Opinion site is one of the best spots on the Web for thought-provoking MMA pieces."

« | Home | »

Power Purchase Agreements South Africa

By Zach Arnold | December 14, 2020

Print Friendly and PDF

The Medupi and Ingula plants were commissioned in 2015 and 2017 respectively. The Kusile plant is only partially operational and most of the project is still under construction. The three entities are facing a controversial increase in costs and corruption related to their work contracts is widely considered to be the cause of the problem. Electricity purchase contracts (PPPs) are used for energy projects in which the head of Eskom advised that the distribution company would attempt to renegotiate contracts to purchase electricity, as these were not sustainable for the distribution company. PPA contracts for the fourth round of the REIPPPP have already been renegotiated, but before the initial agreements are signed. The terms of the purchase of electricity are detailed in the AAE or Solar Leasing, which are negotiated directly with each customer to ensure that the agreement is feasible for both parties. For many customers, the cost of solar energy is lower than the cost of electricity supplied by the national grid. With solar financing options, businesses can avoid the costs of purchasing and installing ahead of the company while continuing to enjoy the benefits of clean energy, knowing that they support a sustainable future. The above AAEs must be distinguished from electricity purchase contracts in a deregulated electricity market, which are generally contracts to purchase electricity from a private generator where the plant already exists or when the plant is built at the initiative of the private generator.

For examples of this type of PPP, click on the following links: Edison Electric Institute Master Power Purchase – Sale Agreement (PDF) (4/25/2000) and Tri-State PPA. A power purchase agreement (AAE) provides payment flow for a build-own transfer (BOT) or a concession project for an independent power plant (PPI). It is between the “buyer” buyer (often a state electricity supplier) and a private electricity producer. The AAE described here is not suitable for electricity sold on world markets (see deregulated electricity markets below). This summary focuses on a basic thermal charge facility (the problems would be slightly different for thermal or hydroelectric power plants in the central area or in the state-of-the-art facilities). A representative of South Africa`s energy regulator told delegates at the Africa Energy Forum (AEF) that the power purchase agreements (PPPs) signed in the first three rounds of the national renewable energy support programme should be renegotiated retroactively. Mr. De Ruyter referred to the offers made during the first and second phase of the independent electricity producer purchase program for independent energy. The financial crisis in Eskom will stimulate state intervention, said Anton Eberhard of the Graduate School of Business at the AEF`s University of Cape Town. The professor said to panel Eskom problems would need an innovative solution, perhaps by reducing AAE rates in conjunction with an extension of the duration of the agreements. Kenya – Electricity Purchase Contract (AAE) – Simplified agreement for Kenya A relatively simplified electricity purchase agreement has been developed for Kenya`s electricity regulator for use in “Hydro, Geothermal or Gas” electricity generation facilities.

Topics: Uncategorized | No Comments » | Permalink | Trackback |

Comments are closed.