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International Space Station Agreements

By Zach Arnold | December 10, 2020

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Italy has signed a contract with NASA to provide services to the station and participates in the program directly through its esa membership. [37] The International Space Station program is bound by a complex series of legal, political and financial agreements between the sixteen nations participating in the project, which govern the ownership of the various components, occupancy and occupancy rights, crew rotation responsibilities and the supply of the International Space Station. It was designed in 1984 by President Ronald Reagan during the Space Station Freedom project, as it was originally called. [2] These agreements link the five space agencies and their respective international Space Station programs and regulate how they interact on a daily basis to maintain the operation of stations, from spacecraft circulation control to the use of space and occupation, to the use of space and occupation. In March 2010, the International Space Station program received the Aviation Week Laureate Award in the Space category[3] and the ISS program was awarded the 2009 Collier Trophy. U.S. space cooperation with China is limited, although both sides have made efforts to improve relations,[31] but in 2011, new U.S. laws further strengthened legal barriers to cooperation, preventing NASA`s cooperation with China or Chinese companies, even spending funds used to accommodate Chinese visitors to NASA facilities , unless this has been expressly approved by new laws,[32] at the same time China, Europe and Russia have a cooperative relationship in several space research projects. [33] Between 2007 and 2011, space agencies in Europe, Russia and China made ground preparations for the Mars500 project, which complement the ISS` preparations for a human mission to Mars.

[34] In February 2015, Roscosmos announced that it would remain in the ISS programme until 2024. [61] Nine months earlier, Russian Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin had said, in response to US sanctions against Russia over the annexation of Crimea, that Russia would reject a U.S. DEMANDE to extend the station`s use beyond 2020 and that it would provide the United States with only missile engines for non-military satellite launches. [62] Despite this view, however, Griffin communicated in an internal email, which on August 18, 2008, had been leaked to the press by Griffin to NASA officials[43][44][45] his belief that the current US administration had not made a viable plan for the participation of American crews on the ISS beyond 2011, and that the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and the Office of Science and Technology (OSTP) were indeed seeking their rights. [44] The e-mail seemed to indicate: That Griffin believed that the only reasonable solution was to extend the operation of the Space Shuttle beyond 2010, but he found that the executive policy (i.e. the White House) had established that there would be no extension of the space shuttle`s retirement date and therefore no U.S. ability to put crews into orbit until the Orion 2020 spacecraft was commissioned as part of the Constellation program.

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